Motorized Bicycle Laws in Virginia

Motorized Bicycles in Virginia

Generic Court GavelThere are many benefits to be had by using a motorized bicycle as your primary (or secondary) method of transportation. With rising gas prices, environmental concerns and a suffering economy, it’s no wonder more and more people are choosing them over other options.

The State of Virginia does not have laws in place specifically for motorized bicycles. Since mopeds are the next closest vehicle by definition, it’s best to be safe and reference the laws for mopeds so that you don’t accidentally get cited.

Electric Bicycles

In Virginia, electric bicycles are defined as bikes that have an electric motor that is no bigger than 1,000 watts.


In Virginia, mopeds are defined as vehicles that:

  • Have no more than 3 wheels.
  • Have a seat or saddle that is at least 24 inches high.
  • Have a motor that displaces less than 50 CC.
  • Have a top speed of 35 MPH on level ground.

If your bike exceeds the above specifications then it is considered a motorcycle, and you must follow all of the laws applicable to motorcycles.

Moped Requirements

To drive a moped on public roads, you are required to get it registered and titled through the Virginia DMV.

To register your moped, bring the following items to a customer service center:

  • A completed copy of an Application for Certificate of Title and Registration (Form VSA 17A.)
  • A Moped Certification (Form VSA 31.)
  • Proof of ownership (a title, manufacturer’s certificate of origin or bill of sale.)
  • Proof of your address (a valid ID).
  • Payment for the $10 titling fee and $20.24 registration fee (via cash, check or credit card. Some counties have different fees.)

Once registered and titled, you should be issued a license plate by the DMV that you will need to affix to the back of your bike.

Fortunately, you are not required to have a driver’s license, carry insurance, get safety inspections, pay a use tax or any other fees.

Moped and Scooter Rules of the Road

While driving your motorized bike on public roads, there are a number of important rules to remember:

  • You can’t exceed 35 MPH (if you can go over 35 MPH, your bike is considered a  motorcycle.)
  • You must be at least 16 years old.
  • You must wear an appropriate helmet.
  • You must wear safety goggles if you do not have a proper windshield.
  • You must carry an appropriate photo ID (not a driver’s license.)
  • You can’t drive on interstate highways.
  • You can’t wear earphones.
  • You must follow all of the other standard driving laws.

It’s also worth noting that even though you don’t need a driver’s license to ride a moped or scooter, you can’t drive if you’ve had your license suspended because of a DUI.

Want a Motorized Bicycle?

We have a great selection of motorized bicycles for sale! While we recommend getting an e-bike, we also have motorized bicycle kits for sale and bicycle accessories for sale. All of our listings are highly reviewed, as you will see for yourself!

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