Motorized Bicycle Laws in Maryland

Motorized Bicycles in Maryland

Generic Court GavelThere are many benefits to be had by using a motorized bicycle as your primary (or secondary) method of transportation. With rising gas prices, environmental concerns and a suffering economy, it’s no wonder more and more people are choosing them over other options.


In Maine, motorized bicycles and mopeds fall under the same classifications.

In order for a motorbike to be considered a moped, it must:

  • Have foot pedals for human-assisted propulsion.
  • Have 2 or 3 wheels that are at least 14 inches in diameter.
  • Have a motor that is no bigger than 50 cc, and produces no more than 1.5 brake horsepower.
  • Cannot go more than 30 mph on level ground.

You are not required to register your moped, but you must have a valid driver’s license or permit and carry proof of insurance in order to drive it on public roadways.

Moped Traffic Laws

When driving your moped, you must obey the following traffic laws:

  • You may not exceed 30 mph.
  • You cannot drive on highways that have a speed limit of 50 mph or greater.
  • You must use bicycle lanes or shoulders whenever they are available.
  • You cannot drive on sidewalks or footpaths.

You are not required to wear a helmet while riding a moped, but it is highly encouraged for obvious reasons.

Electric Bicycles

Although there are federal laws for e-bikes, in Maryland e-bikes have the same requirements as mopeds. Refer to the moped laws above.


In Maryland, scooters are defined as vehicles that:

  • Have two wheels that are at least 10 inches in diameter.
  • Have a seat that is designed to be used while operated.
  • Have a step-through chassis (and a standing base).
  • Have an automatic transmission.
  • Have an attached motor that is no bigger than 50 cc (if gas powered), and produces no more than 2.7 brake horsepower.

If riding on public roadways, scooters cannot exceed 30 mph.


If your vehicle exceeds the above specifications then it is most likely considered to be a motorcycle, and must follow all standard motorcycle regulations (even if it is supposed to be designed as a scooter or moped.)

You must complete the Maryland Motorcycle Safety Program in order to get a registration for vehicles classified as motorcycles. For additional information or inquiries, we advise that you contact the Maryland Motor Vehicle Association.

Want a Motorized Bicycle?

We have a great selection of motorized bicycles for sale! While we recommend getting an e-bike, we also have motorized bicycle kits for sale and bicycle accessories for sale. All of our listings are highly reviewed, as you will see for yourself!

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